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Greenhouse Gas Regulations
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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting Regulation by Provinces

O.Reg. 143/16: Quantification, Reporting and Verification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Alberta Specified Gas Emitters Regulation (Alberta 139/2007)

British Columbia Greenhouse Gas Reporting Regulation (B.C. Reg. 249/2015)

Québec Regulation Q-2, r.15 Reporting Regulation

 

O.Reg. 143/16: Quantification, Reporting and Verification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Quantification, Reporting, and Verification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulation is incorporated under the Climate Change Mitigation and Low-carbon Economy Act, 2016 to support implementation of Ontario’s cap and trade program.  The new regulation and incorporated Guideline will come into effect on January 1, 2017 and applies to facilities on and after January 1, 2017. It includes a number of changes that will support the implementation of Ontario’s cap and trade program. This regulation replaces the Ontario Regulation 452/09.

The regulation requires all facilities emitting over 10,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2 eq) to report their emissions to the Provincial Ministry of Environment (MOE). Facilities that emit over 25,000 tonnes of CO2 eq are required to have their report verified by third-party verification which should be completed annually by September 1st as well as participate in the Province’s Cap-and-Trade Program. Emitters between 10,000 and 25,000 CO2 eq can also voluntarily opt into the Cap-and-Trade Program. More information on the program is discussed in the Cap-and-Trade section,

Who is affected?

All facilities emitting over 10,000 tonne CO2 eq are required to report their emissions. The MOE has specified all the GHG activities that are required to report for this regulation:



Adipic acid production


Ammonia production


Cement production


Coal storage


Copper and nickel production


Electricity generation


Ferroalloy production


General stationary combustion


Glass production


HCFC-22 production and HFC-23 destruction


Hydrogen production


Iron and steel production


Lead production


Lime production


Magnesium production


Nitric acid production


Operation of equipment related to transmission, storage and transportation of natural gas


Operation of equipment for a transmission system or a distribution system (electricity)


Petrochemical production


Petroleum refining


Phosphoric acid production


Primary aluminum production


Pulp and paper production


Refinery fuel gas use


Soda ash production


Zinc production


Alberta Specified Gas Emitters Regulation (Alberta 139/2007)

In 2007, Alberta passed the Specified Gas Emitters Regulation (SGER), representing North America’s first greenhouse gas regulation and compliance carbon pricing system. The program represents 45% of Alberta’s emissions. On June 25, 2015 Alberta announced that it would be extending the SGER until the end of 2017.The regulation requires facilities that emit 100,000 tonnes or more of CO2 eq to reduce their baseline emissions intensity from July 1, 2007 by up to 20% in each compliance period. Facilities are also required to have their report verified by a third party verifier which should be completed annually by March 31st .

Alberta Environment and Parks will also release a bill in 2017 through which a maximum of 100 megatonnes per year emissions cap will be subjected on oil sands operations. Emissions generated from electricity production in co-generation plants would be exempt from this regulation.

Facilities have four compliance pathways to reach their emissions targets:

· Reduce On-Site Emissions;

· Purchase Alberta-based offset credits;

· Contribute to the Climate Change and Emissions Management Fund; or

· Purchase or use Emission Performance Credits

Who is affected?

Alberta Environment and Parks have drawn up a list of the facility types that are impacted by the regulation:



Chemical manufacturing


Coal mining


Conventional oil and gas extraction


Electric power generation


Fertilizer manufacturing


Mineral product manufacturing


Oil sands in-situ extraction


Oil sands mining and upgrading


Petroleum and coal products


Pipeline transportation


Primary metal manufacturing


Waste treatment and disposal


Wood product manufacturing


British Columbia Greenhouse Gas Reporting Regulation (B.C. Reg. 249/2015)

In January 2016, the BC Government passed the Greenhouse Gas Industrial Reporting and Control Act to set standards for industrial facilities. The Act provides authority for the:

Greenhouse Gas Emission Reporting Regulation

Greenhouse Gas Emission Control Regulation

Greenhouse Gas Emission Administrative Penalties and Appeals Regulation

Under the new Greenhouse Gas Emission Reporting Regulation, industrial operations will continue to report GHG emissions as they have since 2010 and will have specific requirements for LNG facilities. Industrial facilities that emit 10,000 tonnes or more of CO2 eq emissions per year are required to report their greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, operations with emissions of 25,000 tonnes or greater are required to have their emission reports verified by a third party and completed annually by May 31st .

Who is affected?

MOE has specified all the GHG activities that are required to report for this regulation:



General stationary combustion


Mobile equipment fuel Combustion (except for linear facilities, generally on-site, off-road equipment)


Aluminium or alumina production


Cement production


Coal mining from underground mines


Coal storage at facilities that combust coal


Copper or nickel smelting or refining


Electricity generation


Electronics manufacturing


Ferroalloy production


Glass manufacturing


Hydrogen production


Industrial wastewater processing


Lead production


Lime manufacturing


Magnesium production


Nitric acid manufacturing


Petrochemical production


Petroleum refining


Phosphoric acid production


Pulp and paper production


Refinery fuel gas combustion


Zinc production


Québec Regulation Q-2, r.15 Reporting Regulation

To support the implementation of a Cap & Trade Program, the Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment, and Action against Climate Change passed a regulation in 2007 which requires mandatory reporting of certain emissions of contaminants into the atmosphere including GHG emissions. The regulation requires that all facilities emitting over 10,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2 eq) report their emissions to the Ministry. Facilities that emit over 25,000 tonnes of CO2 eq are required to have their report verified by third-party verification which should be completed annually by September 1st .

Who is affected?

The Ministry has specified all the GHG activities that are required to report for the regulation:



Oil and natural gas extraction


Mining and quarrying


Electric power generation, transmission and distribution


Natural gas distribution


Steam and air-conditioning supply


Manufacturing (Cement, Aluminum, Electronics, Lead, Lime, Nitric Acid, Pulp and Paper, Zinc, Ethanol, Lead, Ferroalloy, any other industrial facilities)


Pipeline transportation of natural gas